Breading Process Using Legumes: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum), Pea (Pisum sativum) and Fava Bean (Vicia faba)/Empanizado usando leguminosas: garbanzo (Cicer arietum), chícharo (Pisum sativum) y haba (Vicia faba)

Norma Angélica Santiesteban-López, Teresa Cerón Carrillo, Ramón Acle-Mena, Yesbek Morales Paredes


The study was based on the use of a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and chick pea solutions as coating products on some pieces of chicken nuggets followed by a breading process with powdered dried legumes (peas, fava beans and chickpea), and a frying process. The intention was to measure the fat absorbed, the cooking yield, its juiciness and the acceptability of the final product in a group of consumers. The main objective study is to propose a new breading alternative from the use of two coating products (carboxymethylcellulose and chick pea solution) on some pieces of chicken nuggets and a breading of powdered dried legumes; peas (Pisum sativum), fava beans (Vicia faba) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum), followed by a fried process, in order to reduce the oil uptake and to improve the sensory characteristics of the final products increasing at the same time protein and fiber levels in food that normally won’t.

The results were analyzed through the Tukey´s test and the Analysis of Variance Analysis. It was observed that legume breading is a better alternative for fried products in comparison with bread crumbs breading (p<0.05) due to its moisture retention, its oil usage and its sensory characteristics. CMC coated products were also a good alternative in addition to legume breading in maintaining juiciness and cooking yield products as cooked. CMC coating+chickpea breading presented the best results among the legume breaded products.

Palabras clave

carboxymethylcellulose, chickpea, fava bean, pea, breading.


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